Are Children Learning

Indianapolis Public Schools sees little A-F change but innovation schools got top grades

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy
Students at Phalen Leadership Academy at IPS School 103 one of several innovation schools that got A grades from the state in 2017.

Of the nine Indianapolis Public Schools that received A grades from the state, six are innovation schools.

The state letter grades, which were approved Wednesday, are another sign that innovation schools are improving test scores at some of the district’s most chronically low-performing schools. The other three IPS schools that received top marks from the state are magnet schools on the district’s north side.

The innovation schools are part of a controversial new effort to improve education by handing over management to outside partners and giving principals at top-performing schools more freedom. They are managed by outside charter operators or nonprofits but ultimately overseen by the district. The program has been rapidly growing, and 20 percent of IPS students now attend innovation schools.

Nonetheless, Superintendent Lewis Ferebee said “it’s too early to name the innovation model as the panacea for struggling schools.”

The improvement in grades at innovation schools is not altogether surprising. For elementary and middle schools, the grades are based on results of the state ISTEP test, including passing rates and student improvement. The grades for innovation schools are currently being calculated in the same way the state assesses new schools, giving them the option to be graded based only on their student improvement. When test results were released last month, passing rates jumped at graded based only on their student improvement. When test results were released last month, passing rates jumped at several innovation schools.

A neighborhood school near Fountain Square that had the biggest jump in ISTEP passing rates in the district — School 39, also known as William McKinley — went from an F to a B.

Of the eight innovation schools that were graded last year, none received F grades. The news is especially important for schools with repeated F grades. Global Prep at School 44, which improved from an F to an A, would’ve been eligible for state takeover if it received another F this year. Kindezi Academy at School 69, which improved from an F to a D, was eligible for takeover last year because of chronically low grades, but the district had already restarted the school with an innovation partner.

Five years ago, four chronically underperforming schools were severed from the district by the Indiana State Board of Education, which handed over management to charter operators. But it seems increasingly unlikely that any of the district’s schools will face state takeover going forward. Ferebee has a friendly relationship with the state board, and the district has taken steps to intervene in schools before they would face state takeover.

Since the district began creating innovation schools three years ago, IPS has converted several schools to innovation status, at least in part in an effort to fend off takeover.

The only IPS schools that are eligible for state takeover based on the 2017 letter grades are Northwest Jr. High School and John Marshall Middle School. Both schools will face significant changes next year as part of a high school reconfiguration plan. The combined middle-high school at Northwest will be replaced with a dedicated middle school, and Marshall will relocate to the Arlington campus.

Across the district, grades stayed relatively stable. At 33 of the district’s 68 schools, grades were unchanged from last year. Grades improved at 14 schools and went down at 18 schools. Three schools did not have grades for both 2016 and 2017.

“We’ll continue to employ our strategies for transforming our schools that are struggling with student achievement,” Ferebee said. But he added that not everyone is solely focused on test results. “Families who choose those schools often times don’t buy into the letter grade system as the sole measure of progress for a school.”

Find your school’s 2017 grade using our interactive database.

Here is the breakdown of grades across the district:

Silver Lining Playbook

Memphis’ youngest students show reading gains on 2018 state tests — and that’s a big deal

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
A student works on reading comprehension skills at Lucie E Campbell Elementary School in Memphis and Shelby County Schools.

Those working to improve early literacy rates in Shelby County Schools got a small morale boost Thursday as newly released scores show the district’s elementary school students improved their reading on 2018 state tests.

The percentage of Memphis elementary-age students considered proficient in reading rose by 3 points to almost one-fourth of the district’s children in grades 3 through 5. That’s still well below the state average, and Superintendent Dorsey Hopson said “we obviously have a long way to go.”

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Superintendent Dorsey Hopson has overseen Tennessee’s largest public school district since 2013.

Strengthening early literacy has been a priority for the Memphis district, which views better reading skills as crucial to predicting high school graduation and career success. To that end, Shelby County Schools has expanded access to pre-K programs, adjusted reading curriculum, and made investments in literacy training for teachers.

Hopson said the payoff on this year’s TNReady scores was a jump of almost 5 percentage points in third-grade reading proficiency.

“It was about five years ago when we really, really, really started pushing pre-K, and those pre-K kids are now in the third grade. I think that’s something that’s really positive,” Hopson said of the gains, adding that third-grade reading levels are an important indicator of future school performance.

TNReady scores for Shelby County Schools, which has a high concentration of low-performing schools and students living in poverty, were a mixed bag, as they were statewide.

Math scores went up in elementary, middle, and high schools in Tennessee’s largest district. But science scores went down across the board, and the percentage of high school students who scored proficient in reading dropped by 4 percentage points.

PHOTO: Shelby County Schools

Hopson said he was unsure how much the scores of older students — all of whom tested online — were affected by technical problems that hampered Tennessee’s return this year to computerized testing.

“From what people tell me, kids either didn’t try as hard in some instances or didn’t take it seriously,” Hopson told reporters. “We’ll never know what the real impact is, but we have to accept the data that came from these tests.”

But students in two of the district’s school improvement initiatives — the Innovation Zone and the Empowerment Zone — showed progress. “We’re going to double down on these strategies,” Hopson said of the extra investments and classroom supports.

In the state-run Achievement School District, or ASD, which oversees 30 low-performing schools in Memphis, grades 3 through 8 saw an uptick in scores in both reading and math. But high schoolers scored more than 3 percentage points lower in reading and also took a step back in science.

The ASD takes over schools in the state’s bottom 5 percent and assigns them to charter operators to improve. But in the five years that the ASD has been in Memphis, its scores have been mostly stagnant.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen said she and new ASD Superintendent Sharon Griffin are reviewing the new data to determine next steps.

“We are seeing some encouraging momentum shifts,” McQueen said.

Scores in

After a wild testing year, Tennessee student scores mostly dip — but there are a few bright spots

PHOTO: Getty Images/Sathyanarayan

Student test scores were mostly flat or dipped this year in Tennessee, especially in middle school where performance declined in every subject, according to statewide data released on Thursday.

But there were a few bright spots, including improvement in elementary school English and high school math — both areas of emphasis as the state tries to lift its proficiency rates in literacy and math.

Also, performance gaps tightened in numerous subjects between students in historically underserved populations and their peers. And scores in the state’s lowest-performing “priority” schools, including the state-run Achievement School District, generally improved more than those in non-priority schools.

But in science, students across the board saw declines. This was not expected because Tennessee has not yet transitioned to new, more difficult standards and a new aligned test for that subject. Education Commissioner Candice McQueen said the drops reinforce the need to support science teachers in the shift to higher expectations beginning this fall.

The mixed results come in the third year of the state’s TNReady test, which measures learning based on academic standards that have undergone massive changes in the last five years. The 2017-18 school year was the first under new math and English standards that are based on the previous Common Core benchmarks but were revised to be Tennessee-specific. And in addition to new science standards that kick off this fall, new expectations for social studies will reach classrooms in the 2019-20 school year.

In an afternoon press call, McQueen said “stability matters” when you’re trying to move the needle on student achievement.

“It takes time to really align to the full depth and breadth of these expectations,” she said.

The three charts below illustrate, by subject, the percentage of students statewide who performed on track or better, both this year and last year, in elementary, middle, and high schools. The blue bars reflect the most recent scores.

McQueen acknowledged the good and bad from this year’s results.

“While we’ve focused extensively on early grade reading and are starting to see a shift in the right direction, we know middle school remains a statewide challenge across the board,” she said in a statement.

Tennessee’s data dump comes after a tumultuous spring of testing that was marred by technical problems in the return to statewide computerized exams. About half of the 650,000 students who took TNReady tested online, while the rest stuck with paper and pencil. Online testing snafus were so extensive that the Legislature — concerned about the scores’ reliability — rolled back their importance in students’ final grades, teachers’ evaluations, and the state’s accountability system for schools.

However, the results of a new independent analysis show that the online disruptions had minimal impact on scores. The analysis, conducted by a Virginia-based technical group called the Human Resources Research Organization, will be released in the coming weeks.

Even so, one variable that can’t be measured is the effect of the technical problems on student motivation, especially after the Legislature ordered — in the midst of testing — that the scores didn’t have to be included in final grades.

“The motivation of our students is an unknown we just can’t quantify. We can’t get in their minds on motivation,” McQueen told Chalkbeat on the eve of the scores’ release.

Thursday’s rollout marked the biggest single-day release of state scores since high school students took their first TNReady tests in 2016. (Grades 3-8 took their first in 2017.) The data dump included state- and district-level scores for math, English, science, and U.S. history for grades 3-12.

More scores will come later. School-by-school data will be released in the coming weeks. In addition, Tennessee will unveil the results of its new social studies test for grades 3-8 this fall after setting the thresholds for what constitutes passing scores at each grade level.

You can find the state-level results here and the district-level results here.

Chalkbeat illustrator Sam Park contributed to this story.