Chancellor Klein earns about six times the starting salary of a new New York City teacher. But back in 1898, the first superintendent of the city’s consolidated Board of Education, William H. Maxwell, was paid $8,000 — more than 13 times what female elementary school teachers earned. (Male teachers at the time had things a little easier: They were guaranteed a minimum of $720, or about 1/11th of Maxwell’s salary, compared to female teachers’ $600.)